Apricot in the Himalayas yield about 47.5 kg

Apricot (prunus armeniaca) belongs to Rosaceae family. In the
urdu language it is also known as khubani and in local language it is called as
chuli. It is considered as most delightful temperate fruit (Bhat et al 2005). Apricot
is one of the most important fruit that is grown worldwide. The total worldwide
production of apricot is about 38,31,883 tones on an area 5,20,455 ha (FAO
2010). In Pakistan apricots are significantly produced in the Gilgit Baltistan
region. It is one of the most vital, fascinating, delightful and
healthful fruits in the northern regions of Pakistan (Anon1998). Wild trees in
the Himalayas yield about 47.5 kg of fruit per year (Parmer & Kaushal,
1982). According to the findings of the government of Pakistan total apricot
production in Pakistan is 24658 tones in the year 2013 (GOP. 2013). Apricot is
the rich source of carbohydrates like (fructose, glucose and sucrose), minerals
such as (phosphorus and iron), vitamins like (C, K, niacin, thiamin, ß carotene),
organic acids (malic, citric), phenols and volatile compounds (Ruiz et al;
2005; Sefer et al; 2006). Due to its rich composition it is considered to be a
nutritious fruit. Apricot is most famous and nutritional fruit having a unique
flavor, fragrance, taste and its health promoting behavior makes it more
frequently used as an ingredient in functional foods (Yigit et al; 2009). The
fruit is antipyretic, antiseptic, emetic and ophthalmic (Parmer & Kaushal,
1982). Apricot fruits show a wide range of antimicrobial, anti-proliferation
and anti-carcinogenic properties. These biological activities can be attributed
by to their antioxidant properties. Due to its antioxidant property this fruit
protect against cancer and hearat diseases (Yigit et al; 2009). The seed is
analgesic, anti-asthamic, antispasmodic, antitussive, demulscent, emollient,
expectorant, pectoral and sedative (Duke & Ayensu, 1985; Yeung, 1985).