Furthermore, as guest houses for those travelling. Nothing

Furthermore,
Hazrat Umar(r.a) was also responsible for the new infrastructure of roads and
public transportation for the Muslims. To fulfill the needs of a growing
population,  Hazrat Umar(r.a) expanded
the Holy mosque in Makkah and the Prophets(pbuh) mosque in Madeenah. He made
travel throughout the Arabian peninsula possible for poorer Muslims who did not
own horses or camels. He set aside a portion of the public funds from the Muslim
treasury to purchase a number of camels which were borrowed by those who needed
them to travel. At various points between villages and urban cities, he establish
‘flour houses’ where food was stored and were used as guest houses for those
travelling. Nothing of this nature was ever present before for the Muslims, and
this truly was a luxury the Muslims enjoyed. For a nation to achieve its
economic and military goals, its cities must be connected by well maintained
roads and  Hazrat Umar(r.a) achieved that
at the highest levels.

Finally, Hazrat
Umar’s(r.a) caliphate was marked as the golden era of Islam because of the
economic and military success.   His was
an era of great military conquests, where he took down two of the largest
empires in the world, the Roman and the Persian Empire. “‘ It was during his
time that the conquest of Syria was completed; as was that of Egypt to it’s
farthest reaches, as well as the province of Persia. He destroyed Kisraa
(Chosroes) and humiliated him to the utmost, forcing him to retreat back to the
farthest reaches of his kingdom.  Similarly, ‘Umar destroyed Qaysar
(Caesar), wrestling from his hands the lands of Syria and bottling him up in
Constantinople.  He spent the wealth (conquered from them) in the
path of Allaah – as the Messenger of Allaah had informed and promised..”(
umaribnalkhattab. tumblr.com). This will always be the greatest achievement of
Hazrat Umar(r.a) and it really solidified him as the greatest Caliph the Muslim
Nation ever had. He also went on to take back Jerusalem for the Muslim Nation
and was actually present to enter Jerusalem when it fell to the Muslims. It was
a great victory for the Muslims and it cemented Hazrat Umar(r.a) legacy as the
greatest Caliph of the Muslim Nation.  What
started off as a religion with a few hundred followers abandoned in the dessert
, Hazrat Umar(r.a) turned it into one of the most powerful Nations on earth and
the world took notice, gaining respect and becoming a formidable opponent to
any power that would dare to invade the Muslim lands.

There is no doubt
in my mind that the caliphate of Hazrat Umar(r.a)  gave the Muslim Nation a bright future, where
without his accomplishments, Islam could have been wiped out by a foreign
empire down the road. Hazrat Umar(r.a) passed away after ten years being a
caliph and the effects of his death were strongly felt by Islam and its people.
After his passing, the hypocrites got a window of opportunity to finally
execute their agenda and tyranny followed. The unity started to fade away and
Muslims started dividing into different sects. Hazrat Uthman(r.a) was chosen as
the rightly guided third Caliph and his time was nothing but full of controversies
and tyranny. There were a lot of people at the time of the death of the Prophet
(pbuh) who believed that the Prophet’s(pbuh) cousin and son-in-law Hazrat
Ali(r.a) should have been the first Caliph. The controversy did not live out
loud because of the strong leadership of Hazrat Abu Bakr(r.a) and Hazrat
Umar(r.a) and the support they received from Hazrat Ali(r.a) himself. However,
after the passing of Hazrat Umar(r.a) and Hazrat Ali(r.a) being passed over for
the third time, A sect called the Shiite was starting to form. They are the
followers of Hazrat Ali(r.a) and have secluded themselves to believe in Hazrat
Abu Bakr(r.a) and Hazrat Umar(r.a). The sect formed of the original Muslims is
called the Sunni which is derived from the word ‘Sunnat’ , which means ‘the way
of the prophet(pbuh)’. They follow the exact words and actions of the
Prophet(pbuh) which is the Sunni way. Shiites have formed newly invented ideas
and rules, such as praying 3 times instead of 5 and there have been conflicts
between Shiites and Sunnis that have started from the time the rule of Hazrat
Umar(r.a) ended to present day. 

To conclude, 
there is no doubt in my mind that the period during which Hazrat
Umar(r.a) was the Caliph was the ultimate Golden era of Islam. His
accomplishments paved the way for the Muslims to flourish in to the future and
grow exponentially. It was his leadership skills that earned him the title ‘Ameer-ul-Momineen’
which means Leader of the Believers. What made Hazrat Umar(r.a) so respectful among
his people was his modesty and down to earth personality. This was a man who
could have built himself palaces and kingdoms and eat from cutlery made of
gold, but instead he chose to treat himself as if he were the poorest of his
people. ” Anas ibn Malik(r.a) related that he once saw ‘Umar(r.a) walking in
the marketplace while wearing a lower garment that contained 14 patches and
Anas(r.a) recounted Umar(r.a) was not wearing either a shirt or a robe but he
was carrying a stick in his hand.”(As-Salaabee). Here was a leader of a great
Nation patrolling the market in simple ,old and torn clothes in order to make
sure the weak and poor consumers were not taken advantage of. It was actions
like these that earned him the loyalty of his people that would go through a
brick wall for him. His actions brought unity among Muslims that has never been
experienced before. During his administration, it is well known that even a
stray dog wasn’t left to survive hunger, because Hazrat Umar(r.a) believed that
he would have to answer for every little situation and he would be held
accountable for them. All in all, Hazrat Umar(r.a) managed to find economic
success, great military conquests, unity among his people and brought in
systems to build a structure of government that would define the Muslims as a
single Nation and that is what made his time the Golden times of Islam. To end I
would like to leave you with one of the sayings of the Prophet(pbuh) to give
you an idea of what is the status of Hazrat Umar(r.a) in Islam: “If there were
to be a Prophet after me then he would be Umar ibn Al-Khattab.”