Outline:This “Let us not seek to satisfy our

Outline:This written task is focused on how and why the African-Americans are represented as being held captive, but also optimistic and forward-looking in the “I have a dream” speech by Martin Luther King in 1963. He represented the African-American population by using a theme of captivity, financial metaphors and an inspiring and forward-looking mood. This all resulted in the more equal society we live in today than the society in 1963. “Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.” This is part of the “I have a dream” speech by Martin Luther King, which was held in 1963. This one sentence represents the process in which the African-American people gained their freedom at the time. The movement was presented as peaceful and optimistic while fighting against their disadvantages in society The speech illustrated the racial problems in America at the time and provided hope for the African-American population. He wrote this speech to inspire and motivate the population to create a world where black and white children grow up together, have equal rights and opportunities and to make an end to segregation. He represented the African-American population by using a theme of captivity, financial metaphors and an inspiring and forward-looking mood. The speech’s theme of captivity shows that the African-American population is trapped and held captive in an unequal society. King states; “But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself in exile in his own land. So we have come here today to dramatize an shameful condition.” This is part of the beginning of the speech. The black people are presented as being trapped and held captive, because that is a way of visualizing their position in the society at the time. Many people didn’t want to see the inequality, but the metaphor of manacles and chains makes the position of black people in the United States visible. Manacles and chains are used to restrict free movement of people. Once their manacles and chains are disconnected they are free. So, when segregation and discrimination disappears, the black people are free and equal to everyone. The use of financial metaphors not only makes it easy for people to understand the problem of segregation in the American society at the time, but also shows how the black people can shift their depression into hope. King states; “In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s Capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir” he continues “America has given the Negro people a bad check; a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.”” The Constitution which was intended to be for every American is translated into a metaphor, this financial metaphor is a check. In this part of the speech black people are presented as the underprivileged part of the society.  They get a bad check, instead of the check they were promised to be given in the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. But then their oppressed position is turned into hope; “But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation.” This part of the speech represents the African-American population as a group of people with a destiny, a destiny of freedom and equality. This is because the feeling of depression and oppression needs to be changed into hope to reach the goal of the speech, namely “that all men are created equal.”King’s repeated use of an inspiring and forward-looking mood is intended to represent the black population as optimistic and hopeful to reach their goal of equal rights and opportunities. King shifted the mood when he wrote the most memorable paragraphs of his speech. These paragraphs all begin with the phrase “I have a dream . . . ” He strongly uses pathos in this part of his speech, which can be seen in: “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today!” This part of the speech shows an undeniable mood of optimism. He speaks about overcoming obstacles “I say to you today, my friends … even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream.” Black people in the American society of the 1960’s are being represented as optimistic and hopeful. King’s purpose in this part of the speech was to encourage the black people to hold on to their goal of freedom and equality in the United States. In conclusion, Martin Luther King represented the African-American population by using a theme of captivity, financial metaphors and an inspiring and forward-looking mood in his “I have a dream” speech. The speech’s theme of captivity shows that the African-American population is trapped and held captive in an unequal society. Many people didn’t want to see the inequality, but the metaphor of manacles and chains makes the position of black people in the United States visible. The use of financial metaphors not only makes it easy for people to understand the problem of segregation in the American society at the time, but also shows how the black people can shift their depression into hope.  The Constitution which was intended to be for every American is translated into a metaphor, this financial metaphor is a check. King’s repeated use of an inspiring and forward-looking mood is intended to represent the black population as optimistic and hopeful to reach their goal of equal rights and opportunities. Black people in the American society of the 1960’s are being represented as optimistic and hopeful. The “I have a dream speech” made King’s movement very popular and sadly he made a lot of enemies with it, which resulted in being murdered five years later. He was unable to enjoy the results of his work, but luckily a lot of African-Americans still do these days.