Schizophrenia: like a goofy child one minute, then

Schizophrenia: is described as the loss of contact
with reality. People with this diagnosis thinking and speech become disorganized
rambling and fragmented. They go from randomly picking up one train of thought and
switch to another, and then another.  They
can also suffer a breakdown in selective attention losing ability to focus on
one thing while filtering others out. In extreme cases speech may become so broken
that it becomes a string of meaningless words. The also have delusions, false
beliefs not based on reality, delusions of granger like “I’m the queen of England”.
They experience paranoia making them believe their thoughts and actions are
being controlled by an outside force, that their being spied on, followed, or
feeling like they are infested with bugs. They can have sensory experiences
like hallucinations. Where the person sees or hears something that isn’t there,
and do not have the ability to understand what is real and what is not. As well
as auditory hallucinations, and the voices are often abusive. They cannot sort
out whether the voices in their minds are internal and self made or external
and made by others. They experience disorganized, abnormal behavior and emotions.
Like laughing when remembering a loved ones’ death, or crying while others are
laughing, acting like a goofy child one minute, then becoming unpredictably
angry or agitated the next. Movements can become inappropriate and compulsive like
rocking back and fourth, or remaining motionless for hours. People with schizophrenia
become very socially withdrawn, have deterioration in personal hygiene, and
oversleep or have insomnia.

Bipolar
disorder: also known
as manic depression is a condition that manifest in the brain and is defined by
extreme mood swings of mania and depression. During a manic episode someone
with bipolar disorder typically has lost of energy, makes risky decisions, feel
euphoric, and are very productive. Then during depressive episode, they feel depressed,
constantly worried, hopeless, lose interest or pleasure in normal activities, and
often have suicidal tendencies. It can also be accompanied by psychosis, a
break from reality. They can think they are famous, a billionaire, or have
super powers. Going suddenly from one idea to the next, have an inflated self
image, loud speech, excessive spending far beyond their means, hyper sexuality,
Increased energy with a decreased need for sleep, and have issues with
substance abuse. The episodes typically last a few weeks but can be shorter
lived.  It can be described as one day
not being able to get out of bed. Then the next be up loving life and awake for
24hours. The mood swings can affect your career, friendships, relationships,
sleep, energy, activity, judgment, and the ability to think clearly. But many
people with bipolar 1 can live normal lives.

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Posttraumatic
stress disorder (PTSD):
Happens when a memory of a past traumatic event like war or a sexual assault
causes continuing mental and physical distress. The main symptoms are psychological
ones the person may re-experience their trauma through nightmares, flashbacks,
severe anxiety, and intrusive thoughts about the event. They can lead to behavioral
changes as well. Someone with PTSD may start to avoid environments and
situations that remind them of the trauma and feel a sense of hyper vigilance.
Where they are constantly on guard for danger, or hyper arousal, where they
have an exaggerated startle response to the smallest triggers. This can lead to
trouble sleeping, irritability, anger outburst, aggressive behavior, trouble
concentrating, and overwhelming guilt or shame. It can have a negative change
in someone’s thinking or mood. They can have negative thought about themselves or
other people, hopelessness, have difficulty maintaining close relationships,
feel detached from their family and friends, lack of interest in activities
they once enjoyed, and feeling emotionally numb. PTSD may increase the risk of
other mental health problems like issues with drug or alcohol abuse as well as
suicidal thoughts and actions.