The world has witnessed and to continue to deal with the threat of disease unknown and re-emergence. Some of these diseases take longer to get tamed or controlled whiles other are contained immediately after onset. It is interesting to know that some of these diseases are lethal enough to kill within few days of coming in contacts with. Among these is a disease called Ebola. Presently, the world is fronting with this epidemic due to what is considered to be among the terrifying viruses that humanity has ever faced due to its frequency of mortality and it is perceived by the public as a preeminent public health issue.
Historically, the Ebola disease is believed to have been first detected in near river called Ebola in a country called Zaire now the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Africa. According to history, the disease Ebola was first recorded in 1976 and was later named after the river Ebola. Later on, another discovery was made in another country called Sudan also in Africa. It is believed that the first outbreak infected over 284 people, with a mortality rate of 53%. since then the outbreaks have occurred sporadically, mainly in West and Central Africa and few isolated cases across the globe. The disease is said to cause in humans and nonhuman primates like monkeys, gorillas, bats, and chimpanzees. However, it discovered that the Ebola virus may have initially been transmitted to human through monkeys known as the “green monkey fever,
Even though the first reported case of Ebola was in 1976, there was very little information passed concerning the outbreak that killed a total of 435 people in Zaire and Sudan. Surprisingly, by the year 1979, there have been three outbreaks of Ebola. Fifteen years after the E. Reston strain was discovered in monkeys but there was no sign of disease in humans.
Scientifically, the Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a rare and often-fatal infection caused by one of the five strains of a virus. The virus is in the family Filoviridae and the genus Ebolavirus. The Five virus species have been identified, of which four are known to cause disease in humans: They are the Ebola virus known as Zaire ebolavirus, Sudan virus -Sudan ebolavirus; Taï Forest virus found from Côte d’Ivoire and Bundibugyo virus. The fifth species, Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus), has not caused disease in
humans yet but has affected nonhuman primate humans fr
The Ebola virus is highly contagious, however, it is not airborne. bola outbreaks, the disease can spread quickly within families and healthcare settings
Transmission requires close contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person, as can occur during health-care procedures, home care, or traditional burial practices, which involve the close contact of family members and friends with bodies according to research by the Center for Disease Control ( CDC),.