There is a continuous rise in the price and demand of fossil fuels, simultaneously a significant decrease in the extraction of fossil fuels is observed due to the depletion of fossil fuel sources. This causes an energy crisis, and to overcome this problem the automotive industry is looking for alternative energy sources such as solar energy, CNG (compressed natural gas) and electrical energy to be used as a replacement of fossil fuels in the vehicles. About two decades ago, it appeared there was no effective alternative to the conventional fossil fuels such as gasoline and oil, but it turned out that there is more effective, better and sufficient alternative to them: electricity. Electricity is used in every aspect of our life every day. Although electric engines are not so widespread more and more people consider changing their gasoline fueled vehicle to electric vehicles because electric vehicle emits less carbon gases which helps to protect the environment from greenhouse gases.
What is an Electric Car?
An electric car also referred as an electric drive vehicle, is a vehicle which uses one or more electric motors for propulsion. Depending on the type of vehicle, the motion may be provided by wheels or propellers driven by rotary motors or in a case of tracked vehicles, by linear motors (Barclay, S. (2009)). These rechargeable batteries are recharged by common household electricity. In the past, people have never thought that electric cars can be used in daily life as a transportation because of the high price and unsteady structure when it first came out in 1880 as luxury goods (Frank, A.a (2007)). The improved technology in the battery sector and the need for energy management has resulted in the come back of the electric cars. They are easy in drive, quieter than gasoline cars and they are more efficient and gives better performance.
Inexpensive in Long Run
You are probably a tad hesitant to buy the new electric car because it seems like a bigger pocket pinch at one than what you are prepared for. How much you spend on gasoline and how much you spend on maintaining your car? The maintenance cost of electric cars is lower than the gasoline car. An Electric car only needs general maintenance and inspection on breaks, steering, wheels and battery in comparison to gasoline car maintenance which includes replacements of internal combustion engine components such as belts, valves, hoses and cooling system as well as oil changes etc. (Bary Para, 11). An Electric car does not need much inspection as they are more efficient. Some energy needed to propel a vehicle in lost due to resistance. When car loses energy, the car diligently works to recover from lost energy, which causes the car to need many maintenances. Many electric cars use regenerative braking, which harnesses energy from a car when car brakes are applied and stores the energy into the battery. Additionally, fuel prices are increasing day by day heavily, depend on the political and military situation in countries providing oil. Even if we do not take it into consideration one year driving a gasoline car would cost about $2400 (given that you drive 20,000 km per year, spend 1 liter of gas for each 10-km traveled and buy gasoline at $1.20 per liter.) At the same time, an electric car would cost about $575 per years (Frank, A.a 2007). Also, the maintenance cost for the gasoline car will be much higher as compared to an electric car because it will need technical inspections, transmission repairs etc. So, by all means electric cars are cheaper alternative.
However, many electric car critics claim that electric cars should not replace the production of the gasoline car as they are lack in performance, lengthy time to charge the battery and limited range. But now with the new improved technology and invention, it is no longer true. Tesla model S can go from 0-60 mph in 4.4 seconds and can reach the top speed of 130 mph.
According to Tesla Motors, “Tesla possesses a high-powered wall connector which completely recharges the car in under 4 hours, and at max power the high-powered wall connector charges at a speed of 90 km range per hour” (Tesla Motors, “Tesla Vehicles Provide Attractive Environment Benefits” 6). Although electric cars face several drawbacks, the positive features exceed those drawbacks and with new technology, electric cars will soon exist with no defects whatsoever.
Better for Environment
Gasoline car has been polluting the earth ever since the first gas powered car was introduced in 1855 by karl Friedrich Benz in Germany (Frank, A.a 2007). In 1997 a study was conducted to find what was the major cause of global warmings and the results were transportation as it was the largest contributor. In 1997 transportation accounted for 470 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions (National Academy of Sciences, 11). The amount of pollution caused by gasoline car exceeds tolerable levels and human must take an initiative to fight for global warming. Even though electric cars do not produce any emissions directly, they are still created by making electricity. About 40% of all the electricity in Canada is created by burning coal and fossil fuel. This causes a lot of pollution to the environment and has very negative effects. So many experts believe that an increase in the demand of electric cars would push the need for more electricity which would cause burning of coal and fossil fuel. This would make the environment far worst than it is. But this not correct statement, as scientists discovered that the output of burning gasoline for each car is far greater than that of burning coal to make electricity. This study was conducted by Automotive testing and Development services. They found that a liter of gasoline creates about 5.5 pounds of carbon dioxide. To produce 1 kilowatt of power it creates 1.5 pound of carbon dioxide. Now the average car gets about 10 kpl, which create about 52 pounds of carbon dioxide, which in turn to make would create about 36 pounds of carbon dioxide. Electric cars can reduce global warming with the conservation of non-renewable resources and being powered by renewable energy, so an electric car will emit less greenhouse gases and it will be more “green” alternative.
Safer on Roads
Furthermore, environmental and monetary benefits of electric cars, they are also safer to drive. Crash test of traditional cars compared to electric car shows the difference in safety. Tesla Motors research the situation of car fire in general and it turned out that there are about 150,000 car fires per year in Canada and United States. “Since model S went into the production last year, there have been more than a quarter million gasoline car fires in Canada and United States alone, resulting in over 400 deaths and about 1200 injuries” (Tesla Motors Management, 2). There are now substantially more than 19000 model S on roads there were reported in letter for an average of one fire per atlest 6333 cars, compared to the rate of gasoline cars of one fire per 1350 cars (The Long Tail Pipe, 2). So, from these statics it is cleared that electric car is safer in terms of catching up a fire. Also, fluid batteries featured in low emission transportation handle impact better than that of battery found in a gasoline car.
Let’s not forget one of the biggest joys that driving an electric car gives us the ability to drive soundless. There is none of the sounds you get from keeping the diesel engine in working condition and not exploding and your test drive will probably have constantly wondering upon are moving at all. Since electric cars make almost no noise, you can look forward to a future filled with peace and silence and maybe even a few chirping birds.
With the knowledge of modern society, there is no reason we should not all be doing better for the future environment. In conclusion, although some people agree that gas cars are and will always remain superior, researchers indicate that electric cars are the future of the car industry because electric cars are convenient to their drivers. The cost of fueling and maintaining an electric car is much lower when compared to those of regular cars, electric is safer in terms of being prone to flaring up. Also, electric cars are more environmentally friendly, and they cut the global warming meaning that not only people but our whole planet benefits from them.